Climate change in Azerbaijan

According to scientific hypotheses, our planet has warmed and cooled many times over its 4.5-5.0 billion-year history. Scientific observations already show that the Earth has begun a process of rapid warming. However, in contrast to the current global warming process, more and more people will still be affected by the global warming problem. The main reason is that, the increase in the amount of carbon monoxide and methane in the atmosphere, which creates a greenhouse effect. As it is known, a person can and must reduce the amount of “greenhouse gases” by regulating his activity. Environmental problems can make life on Earth very difficult.  According to some forecasts, “global warming will destroy more than a quarter of plant and animal species by 2050, and more than a million in other words”  By the end of the 21st century, the average temperature is expected to reach an all-time high, and the threat of mass extinction of the earth’s flora and fauna is expected to remain a mystery. This heating is considered to be due to the greenhouse effect of the gases emitted into the atmosphere during the pre-combustion of minerals such as coal, oil and natural gas and their effects on the environment.

The question is that how does it affect to Azerbaijan? Let`s look first of the scientific side, then I`ll share my experience as the citizen of this country.

Climate risk issues in Azerbaijan, including how climate change will potentially impact agriculture, water resources, human health, tourism, and coastal resources and infrastructure. But I definitely say that, climate change is the big part of it.  

Azerbaijan is an emerging middle-income country. The agriculture sector contributes only 7 percent of GDP but is a critical component of the non-oil economy. As a key source of jobs and a priority in the context of food security, Azerbaijan’s agriculture sector will be increasingly at risk from higher temperatures, unpredictable rainfall and natural disasters. The country’s rapid economic development created a number of environmental challenges that will be exacerbated by climate change, such as severe air pollution from industrial plants, water pollution, soil degradation and important biodiversity and forest reserve degradation and losses. Another major risk to economic development and the population is the increase in frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Azerbaijan is considered to be one of the most flood-prone areas in the world and extreme events, mainly floods, landslides and mudslides cost Azerbaijan an estimated $70–80 million annually. (This paragraph has been taken from https://www.climatelinks.org/resources/climate-change-risk-profile-azerbaijan)

As a citizen of this country I can tell that in my childhood we played with snowball every year from 1999- 2007.  Unfortunately I witnessed snow which stayed on the land last time in 2017, it is sometimes snowy, or sleety ( snow with the mixture of rain) but after an hour, there is nothing, for example yesterday the weather was 11 degree ( on the 26th of December 2020).

I know the second reason of global warming is plastic pockets, finally our government will forbid to use plastic pockets from the 1st of January 2021, however, some people judge the government for it, because they are not aware of disadvantages of plastic pockets, once I tried to explain it to a woman who could be 35-45 years old, she only answered me, “everyone uses it, is it a problem only I use?” with the high voice and rude way… We can solve this problem only with awareness, making some short videos, but not the strict video, according to marketing we can strongly impact to people only with 2 ways, humour and drama, we need to film something with the language of animals and nature.

  I am going to share here some photos as an example.  Note: I took all of them from the internet.

Photo 1 – Global warming

I have sent some photos to my friends, and got their opinions, it impressed them a lot, and they understood the power of global warming.

Photo 2 – Pollution

The death of an innocent bird because of pollution…

Leyla from free school in Cracow.

Author: European Volunteers in Poland

A blog curated by volunteers taking part in European Solidarity Corps initiative in Poland and coordinated by Active Woman Association

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